Developing with Docker on OSX
Much of this post is made irrelevant by the release of Docker for Mac beta. You no longer need a separate virtualization environment (virtualbox) you no longer need to tunnel ports (docker-pf) and you can now map volumes directly from OSX to docker and have watches etc all work.
brew cask install docker and ignore most of this post!
Docker is the talk of the town in recent times. Containerized deployments of micro services are quickly gaining momentum as best-practice architecture for certain classes of applications.
As ever in software development though, understanding how to make a start with these tools isn't easy. Especially if you are working on an existing monolith.
So in this post I will share some basic tips to start using Docker in your existing development workflow, gaining this understanding can be the stepping stone to using Docker in production or in your next project.
As usual you want to reach for Homebrew to install any software on your mac.
brew install docker docker-machine
brew cask install virtualbox
See my post for more details
It is worth keeping in mind that docker is a linux technology. When you install and use docker on an OSX or Windows based machine, you need a linux virtual machine to serve as the docker host.
Luckily for us docker-machine handles this detail.
docker-machine create -d virtualbox dev
This command will download and provision a suitable virtual machine for you. You can run multiple named docker hosts, in my examples I use the name
Now we have a machine, we need to configure the
docker command line tools to point at the correct machine.
docker-machine env dev
This will print out a list of necessary environment variable to make this happen.
$(docker-machine env dev)
Wrapping it, interprets these and sets them in your shell session. You should consider adding this line to your
.bash_profile or putting it in a
Pull down some images
Now you have docker running, pick a piece of software already in use in your development environment and dockerize it. I'll choose memcached which is available on docker hub.
docker create --name memcached -p 11211:11211 memcached:latest
docker start memcached
Here we create a new docker container, named
memcached, we tunnel port
11211 in the container to port
11211 on the docker host, and we install the
memcached:latest image in to the container.
Then we simply start our new container.
You can see the status of you container with
So far everything is simple. Here is the trick though, remember how I said you have a linux VM running as the docker host. Well when you tunnel ports out of docker containers to the host, that means they are in the VM. They are not available on localhost.
It's a small thing, but it is annoying. Any code you have that expects to find memcached on
localhost for the development environment now needs to be changed, or parameterized. Who has time for that?
So now we need to set up another tunnel, one that maps ports between
localhost and the docker host.
You could use ssh:
ssh -i $DOCKER_CERT_PATH/id_rsa -N -T -L *:11211:localhost:11211 docker@$(docker-machine ip dev)
socat tcp4-listen:11211,fork tcp4:$(docker-machine ip dev):11211
Alternatively you can grab this neat little node script my co-worker made https://github.com/noseglid/docker-pf
git pull [email protected]:noseglid/docker-pf.git
The nice thing about
docker-pf is that it will inspect your docker host and tunnel all exposed ports automatically!
So there you have it, a few simple steps and you can seamlessly move a piece of your development architecture in to a container. Go ahead and containerize all the services you are dependent on. With minimal time and effort you now have some pieces in place to experiment. Learn the docker tooling, understand the concepts and get yourself prepared for when you start containerizing your production environment.
As a bonus, you end up with a cleaner developer machine too! Need to have multiple versions of multiple services at hand to support all your apps? No problem just containerize them all and start/stop at will.